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Unless Modified, FEMA’s Temporary Housing Plans Will Increase Costs by an Estimated $76 Million Annually

Executive Summary

In 2012, FEMA announced that it would no longer use park models as a housing option, and instead would use only manufactured housing certified by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Unless FEMA takes actions to ensure that it maintains the ability to use temporary housing units similar in size to the park model, this decision will increase program costs by tens of millions of dollars annually, and may hinder FEMA’s ability to provide shelter to disaster survivors quickly. In reacting to the decision, FEMA field staff expressed concerns to us about their ability to house disaster survivors quickly and cost effectively. Further, FEMA officials said that many homeowners prefer units that can fit on their home sites, because it allows them to remain on their own property near their places of employment and schools while they rebuild their homes.

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